Recipe Utilizing the SEARCH

If an activity in the in-focus application is defined to be searchable, the SEARCH key invokes it. A menu choice or equivalent should always be a redundant way to call the searchable activity to accommodate devices without a SEARCH key. The menu choice simply needs a call to onSearchRequested().

The searchable activity ideally should be declared as singleTop launch mode, as discussed in Chapter 2,"Application Basics:Activities and Intents."This enables multiple searches to take place without clogging the stack with multiple instances of the activity. The manifest file would have the following lines:

<activity android:name=".SearchDialogExample" android:launchMode="singleTop" > <intent-filter>

<action android:name="android.intent.action.SEARCH" /> </intent-filter>

<meta-data android:name="" android:resource="@xml/my_search"/>


Here, the XML file referencing the detail is shown in Listing 5.6.

Listing 5.6 res/xml/my_search.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

<searchable xmlns:android=""

android:label="@string/app_name" android:hint="Search MyExample Here" > </searchable>

This recipe provides a search interface.When the application starts, the simplest main activity is shown in Listing 5.7 with a default main.xml file.

Listing 5.7 src/com/cookbook/search_diag/ package com.cookbook.search_diag;

import; import android.os.Bundle;

public class MainActivity extends Activity { @Override protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); setContentView(R.layout.main);

Then, if the SEARCH key is selected, the searchable activity is activated.The onCreate() method checks for whether the intent is an ACTION_SEARCH, and if it is, it acts on it. Listing 5.8 shows the main activity, which just displays the query to the screen.

Listing 5.8 src/com/cookbook/search_diag/ package com.cookbook.search_diag;

import; import; import android.content.Intent; import android.os.Bundle; import android.widget.Toast;

public class SearchDialogExample extends Activity { /** Called when the activity is first created. */ @Override public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); setContentView(R.layout.main); Intent intent = getIntent();

if (Intent.ACTION_SEARCH.equals(intent.getAction())) {

String query = intent.getStringExtra(SearchManager.QUERY); Toast.makeText(this, "The QUERY: " + query,


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