Recipe Using a Progress

This recipe demonstrates the usage of a progress bar by taking Listing 4.7 from "Recipe: Updating a Layout from a Separate Thread," which used text to show progress in a computation, and it shows the progress graphically instead. This is done by adding a progress bar object to the layout, such as:

<ProgressBar android:id="@+id/ex_progress_bar"

style="?android:attr/progressBarStyleHorizontal" android:layout_width="270px" android:layout_height="50px" android:progress="0" android:secondaryProgress="0" />

As the progress changes, the android:progress attribute can change to show a bright orange bar going across the screen.The optional android:secondaryProgress attribute shows a lighter colored orange bar that can be used to indicate a progress milestone, for example.

The activity to update the progress bar is shown in Listing 4.22. It is similar to Listing 4.7, but it uses a ProgressBar instead. Here the update results function updates the progress attribute from Java.

Listing 4.22 src/com/cookbook/handler_ui/ package com.cookbook.handler_ui;

import; import android.os.Bundle; import android.os.Handler; import android.view.View; import android.widget.Button; import android.widget.ProgressBar;

public class HandlerUpdateUi extends Activity {

private static ProgressBar m_progressBar; //UI reference int percent_done = 0;

final Handler mHandler = new Handler(); // Create runnable for posting results to the UI thread final Runnable mUpdateResults = new Runnable() { public void run() {


@Override public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); setContentView(R.layout.main);

m_progressBar = (ProgressBar) findViewById(;

Button actionButton = (Button) findViewById(; actionButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() { public void onClick(View view) { do_work();

//example of a computationally intensive action with UI updates private void do_work() {

Thread thread = new Thread(new Runnable() { public void run() { percent_done = 0;;

computation(1); percent_done = 50;;

computation(2); percent_done = 100;;


final static int SIZE=1000; //large enough to take some time double tmp;

private void computation(int val) { for(int ii=0; ii<SIZE; ii++)


If the updates need to be shown more often, use the postDelayed method of the handler instead of the post method and add a postDelayed to the end of the runnable update results function (similar to what was used in "Scheduling a Runnable Task from the Main Thread recipe" in Chapter 3).

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